Adolescence and Depression

Researchers and physicians recommend that children and adolescents stay under close watch when they are taking prescription medication. Since the developing brain makes neural connections at an accelerated rate, compared to the adult brain, the effects of medication can be extremely defining to continued brain development. Though a healthy majority of young people do not experience overwhelming symptoms of depression, some young people find prescription antidepressants extremely helpful in allowing them to be productive, focused, and regain their vitality.

Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to situational depression, like the after effects of divorcing parents, a sudden death, or complications from moving away from their original home. In addition to being vulnerable to situational changes, adolescents also deal with extreme pressures within competitive academic avenues, competitive friend groups, and shifting hormone levels. Many adolescents that are in need of therapeutic assistance for depression or anxiety are extremely hesitant to be vulnerable in asking for help.

Many young people affected by depression or anxiety might not even be aware that their condition is abnormal, accepting sadness as a normal state of being. Prescription antidepressants, like Lexapro, Zoloft, and Prozac, coupled with psychiatric therapy, have proven to be a very effective form of treatment for depression and anxiety. Urges to self-harm and thoughts of suicide are hosted most commonly in the thoughts of younger people, so doctors are warned to pay extra attention to their younger patients on antidepressants. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) administered black box warnings for all antidepressants. Black box warnings are the strongest possible issuing that the FDA can administer. Boxed warnings indicate that the prescription may carry a significant level of risk to patients. Specifically, warnings for antidepressants emphasize the possible risks for birth defects to developing fetuses as well as increased thoughts of suicide.

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Professional License Defense: Public Accountants

One of the most crucial concerns or responsibilities that can influence a business firm which can dictate its continuous growth or sudden failure rests on the shoulders of a professional accountant, whose job is to safeguard the integrity, as well as ensure the quality and accuracy, of financial reporting.

Any form of business, in fact, has a need for a professional accountant, who will have the duty of preparing the employees’ taxes, and audit, provide consultation, and prepare taxes of governments and corporations. Thus, there are management accountants, government accountants, and internal accountants, each tasked with a specific responsibility. And, due to the sensitivity and crucial nature of their job, as well as the trust placed upon them, accountants are, thus, trained to be detail-oriented, organized and to be persons with a high degree of integrity.

Earning the title of Certified Public Accountant (CPA) is a very rigorous process that is determined by each of the 50 states in the US. The requirements fall under 6 levels:

  • Education Requirements: rather than implementing the usual 120-credit academic requirement for a bachelor’s degree in accountancy, most states now require the 150-credit college degree program, the same number of credits required to be able to earn a seat for the CPA exam
  • Passing the CPA Exam: is considered the most difficult part in becoming a CPA; in fact, it has always had a low passing rate
  • Ethics Exam: even if a person has already passed the CPA exam, he/she will still need to complete a course in Ethics and/or take an Ethics exam before he/she could be awarded a CPA license
  • Experience Requirements
  • CPA License Requirements
  • Membership in recognized CPA Organizations

All the painstaking requirements that a CPA aspirer has to comply with will definitely make his/her accounting license a very precious possession. This license, just as in other professions, will serve as a person’s pass to a good, high-paying job that will help him improve or maintain his quality of life and that of his/her family’s.

Thus, if something goes amiss, so that threats of possibly losing his/her professional accounting license surfaces, maybe due to accusations of fraud, gross negligence in the performance of duty, dishonesty, violation of the rules of professional conduct, or a conviction of felony because of fraud or dishonesty, the need to find someone who can help in proving his/her innocence, clean his/her name, as well as protect his/her license from being suspended or revoked, becomes absolutely necessary. A Texas license defense lawyer, among a few others, is one legal professional who can be fully trusted in a professional license defense due to his/her knowledge of the law and high level of competence in the defense process.

Entrusting your fate and the fate of your accounting license to someone who lacks enough experience in the defense room can mean the end of everything you have worked so hard for.

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There Should be no Room for Cruelty, Especially in the Home

Violence in the home is one of the most common causes of injuries to a spouse and the cause of psychological trauma and guilt feeling in many children, who are witnesses to this form of harmful, unlawful behavior.

Every year, close to 10 million incidences of domestic abuse and violence are committed in the US. Victims include both male and female, majority of whom, though are female aged between 16 and 34. This type of violence can be in the form of emotional abuse, psychological abuse, physical abuse, verbal abuse, financial abuse and/or sexual abuse. The perpetrator is, of course, one’s intimate partner and the purpose – to have complete dominance over the other.

An abused partner can suffer many different forms of repeated injurious attacks from his/her partner. He/she may by slapped, punched, kicked, forced to use drugs or alcohol, grabbed painfully on different parts of the body, refused medical care or treatment, criticized, treated indifferently, forced to perform sexual acts, injured on his/her private parts, and so many others.

Anyone can be a victim of domestic violence, regardless of his/her age, religion, nationality, professional standing, educational attainment, financial status, etc.; and anyone can also be a perpetrator, so long as he/she has the capability and the thoughtlessness to humiliate, threaten, terrorize, intimidate and greatly frighten his/her partner until that partner loses his/her feelings of self-confidence and self-worth, becoming fully submissive to all the domineering partner’s wishes and commands.

Victims of domestic violence often tend to becoming problematic, embarrassed and always hesitant to act, and withdrawn. But while the victim suffers greatly, so do the children who become witnesses of the acts of cruelty.

Studies have shown and proven that children themselves, who are raised in families wherein domestic violence is a common occurrence tend to harbor so much guilt within themselves for failing to defend their parent from the abusive other parent. Sadly, instead of seeking outside help, due to the guilt and, probably, fear, children suffer the same results of withdrawal and incisiveness as their abused parent.

Domestic violence was codified as a crime only in the 1970s. Because of the nature of laws, it is possible for an individual to appear to be a perpetrator of domestic violence without actually being in any violation. A Columbia criminal defense lawyer can help those who are incorrectly accused of these actions defend his or her name in the eyes of the law.

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Estate Planning

So many Americans conceive estate planning or drafting a will as a concern only of the tremendously wealthy and of those with huge properties and big businesses. The truth is, estate planning can be done by anyone who has any type of precious belongings and assets, such as jewelry, furniture, a car, a house, investments, a pension plan, a life insurance or retirement savings. An asset does not have to be worth a huge sum of money for even a piece of jewelry, such as a ring or an old watch that has been passed on from many generations, can be an item incorporated in a will.

Basically, estate planning begins with writing a will. The testator (the person making the will) puts in the will everything that he/she would want to pass on to his/her spouse and child/children and which asset or thing of value goes to whom (sometimes a testator can also indicate a condition that an heir first needs to comply with to enable him/her to earn whatever is intended for him/her). The testator can also include in the will, his/her: chosen guardian for his/her minor child; health-care proxy (the person responsible in making medical decisions on his/her behalf in case he/she gets incapacitated); and, executor, that is, the person who will be in charge of the administration of his/her estate. This executor will also have to perform all of the testator’s wishes that are contained in the will, as well as settle all of the testator’s unpaid debts; only after all debts have been paid can the (remaining) assets be distributed to the inheritors.

Through estate planning, individuals are able to arrange the disposal of their assets and properties in ways that will greatly benefit their loved ones, maximize the value of their assets by having taxes and other expenses reduced, and eliminate doubts over the administration of a probate.

To keep finding excuses to be able to postpone the drafting of an estate plan, such as still being in the prime of health or age, so that no plan is actually drafted until the person’s death, will result to the state having control over the distribution of the assets and/or properties left behind – a state authority called the Law of Intestacy.

It is easy to have doubts on the necessity of drafting an estate plan and even if an individual may be willing to draft one, he/she may have questions regarding its legality and what should be its actual content. Legal professionals, such as Chicago estate planning lawyers, would be some of the best persons whose counsel and help will be of real value to anyone who has clarifications about estate planning before finally drafting one.

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Construction Site Injuries and the Injured Worker’s Right to Workers’ Comp

Among the many different types of working environments, a construction site is among the most dangerous due to the tools, equipment and hazardous substances which are sources of great dangers, and which can very well cause a severe injury (or even a fatal accident), especially when mishandled or not used correctly. In 1971, as an offshoot of the Occupational Safety and Health Act (also called OSH Act) of 1970, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration or OSHA was formed. OSHA’s major task was to strictly implement OSH Act’s mandate in assuring a safe and healthy environment for all workers, regardless of the type of working environment.

In connection to OSHA’s task, the following safety standards have been enforced, specifically, in construction sites: safe stairways and ladders, protections against falls, wearing of proper protective gear, appropriate lighting in working area and passage ways, ground fault-circuit interrupters (GFCIs), areas for eye wash body-flushing that are within 25 feet from battery-changing places, clearly readable and visible accident-prevention signs and tags (and the removal of these signs and tags when danger is no longer present), and fire extinguishers with, at least, a 2A-rating every 3000 square feet. Many times, however, despite compliance with safety standards and the education and training of workers on safety, one or two workers become neglectful of his/her/their duties, causing an accident that results to someone else’s injury. Workers should know that if their injury is work-related, that is, that it was acquired during the performance of their work (regardless of whose fault the accident was), or if they develop a health condition, especially lung disorder, due to exposure to hazardous substances at work, then they are entitled to receive a financial benefits from the Workers’ Compensation.

Workers’ Comp is supposed to cover cost of medical treatment, wages lost, disability, rehabilitation and death. Injured workers do not have to file a claims lawsuit to be able to avail of this benefit; however, the corrects forms will need to be filled out correctly and all proofs of the injury, which is verified by an accredited doctor, will need to be submitted (with the correct forms) within the statute of limitation or specified time, which may be six months to two years, depending on the rules imposed by the state where the accident occurred. Many injured workers, with the help of their family, opt to handle the whole process of applying for the benefits by themselves, resulting often to a denial of their application. However, so many denials are often due to technical issues, such as a missing signature or an empty box which needs to be filled out, or submission of the application beyond the specified time.

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